Smart cities used to be a futuristic vision, nowadays they are a closer reality. It is anticipated that two thirds of the world population will live in smart cities by the year 2050.
One of the great challenges for future smart cities is to modernize existing communities with artificial intelligence technology. In addition to building these smart cities with a structure called “greenfield”.
A proper approach will make the smart city a participatory, self-sufficient, connected, dynamic, clean and sustainable community.
To make this possible, cooperation and investment from both public and private entities is necessary. This will undoubtedly generate and is generating significant political and economic decisions regarding the use of energy resources, transport, industry and public services.
As it will also generate many doubts about security and the guarantee of privacy, and of course, about the conservation of the natural environment and the reduction of negative effects on it.
SMART CITIES TECHNOLOGY WILL IMPROVE URBAN LIFE
This is the conclusion reached by experts in the field. The E.E.U.U in its report also highlights the great value and benefit that these smart cities will bring. Innovative technologies that applied to public services will improve the efficiency and quality of life of citizens.
It is expected therefore that these cities will reduce the cost of living in general, help to lower the rates of emissions of pollution to the atmosphere, thus mitigating the greenhouse effect. As the reuse of urban heat as renewable energy.
Transport will be mostly efficient and effective, using autonomous driving vehicles both personal and for the public network of internal and suburban transport. For this purpose, a specific circuit network will be necessary to guarantee improvements in time and services.
All this will give greater dynamism to the city, favoring trade and tourism.
It is assumed that green spaces will also increase for leisure and recreation. That will improve the quality of life in general.
According to a CTA market statistics study, by 2020 a total of more than $ 34 billion will be invested to create smart cities around the world. A reality that has already begun in some cities of the world such as Dubai or Las Vegas among others.
Smart cities will be one of the most exciting places to live in the future.
The smart city will become an ecosystem full of technological innovation. Their work spaces, as well as their home or leisure places, will be conditioned by advanced control systems that will guarantee their efficiency and sustainability.
The future envisages an intelligent city where thousands of people live, study, work and have fun in an environment full of technological innovations.
CREATE SOLUTIONS FOR NEW SMART CITIES
Creating solutions for the challenges of creating smart cities is fundamental. The intelligent management of data, the generation of new energy sources, the manufacture of new autonomous smart vehicles, security systems, wireless 5G connectivity systems, etc. These are the areas where research is focusing and where the greatest effort is being made to solve these needs and create smart solutions.
One of the difficulties will be to answer to the constant influx of tourism and its subsequent growth of the final population that is expected to have this type of cities. And as a result, the availability of access to intelligent technology housing at affordable costs. So, it is assumed that construction materials and methods reduce housing costs.
Obviously, to develop an intelligent city, houses and buildings must also be intelligent. Future smart homes will offer innumerable benefits and improvements in people’s quality of life.
Surveillance systems that will make our home safer. Appliances that will take care of tasks that require a lot of time or effort, terminals for leisure and entertainment, etc. These improvements that will make our house a comfortable and safe place to live.
THE INDUSTRY - A TECHNOLOGICAL CHALLENGE
Creating a smart city requires a large-scale infrastructure project.
The need to provide innovative technology products is evident. So, the production industries are investing large resources for the development of useful products that can serve the technical realization of these smart cities.
Communication is one of the important points. This must guarantee an extraordinary efficiency, essential for the connection and exchange of information necessary to manage the different areas of an intelligent city.
The security and privacy of personal and sensitive data is one of the biggest concerns for citizens. A smart city is coordinated by technologies such as Google’s, which collect and analyze data of all kinds, necessary to manage and optimize your service.
As for example for the coordination of urban traffic in a smart city, surveillance cameras, sensors, lighting systems, parking platforms, etc. are required. These special industrial products of high technology, necessary for the optimal management of it.
In the same way, pedestrian traffic areas require similar systems, in addition to security and hygiene. Like the residential areas, in which intelligent housing will bring great demands of new everyday objects of all kinds for the home. Products that will undoubtedly improve our quality of life.
There are many benefits and applications that today’s advanced technology can offer. For example, when it comes to smart devices, IoT sensors can offer a better and more efficient management of garbage recycling in large cities.
Sensors can control the content level of bins and containers or detect illegal spills.
In the same way, the sensors in the gardening sector would warn of the need for irrigation or fertilization of public and private gardens and parks. As well as the need for the use of artificial lighting due to lack of natural light in streets and public or private places.
Detecting the presence of people can evaluate the need to use mostly artificial light in certain places, such as shopping centers, offices, sports or cultural facilities, etc.
The sensors are also essential for citizen security. They detect leaks of different nature, fires, measure the flow and reduce the consumption in case of waste, etc.
Ultimately these innovative devices will contribute to increase the efficiency and energy efficiency of the city.
Collecting and transmitting data about energy, consumption, maintenance, etc. It can predict and reduce waste, unnecessary expenses and actions that contribute to a better reuse of energy.